What Is Intramural Fibroid And How Do You Treat Them?

Are you experiencing unexplained pelvic pain or unusual menstrual bleeding?   

You might be dealing with intramural fibroids. We will delve into what is intramural fibroids, their symptoms, causes, and impact on pregnancy.   

What is intramural fibroid?

Intramural fibroids are non-cancerous growths that develop within the muscular wall of the uterus. Unlike subserosal fibroids that grow on the outside or submucosal fibroids that develop in the inner lining of the uterus, intramural fibroids form within the uterine wall itself. These fibroids can vary in size and number, causing various symptoms and complications for affected individuals.  

Due to the location, intramural uterine fibroid can sometimes go unnoticed until they grow larger or cause noticeable symptoms. While many women may have intramural fibroids without experiencing symptoms, others may find these growths significantly impacting their quality of life.  

Symptoms of Intramural Fibroids

Intramural fibroids can lead to various symptoms some of the common signs are:   

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding  
  • Prolonged menstrual periods  
  • Pelvic pain or pressure  
  • Backache or leg pains  
  • Frequent urination  
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder  
  • Constipation  
  • Bloating in the lower abdomen  
What is Intramural Fibroid - Dr. Sandeep Burathoki

Causes of Intramural Fibroids

Intramural fibroids can be caused due to various factors.   

One of the main causes is believed to be hormonal imbalances, particularly an excess of estrogen and progesterone. These hormones can stimulate the growth of fibroid tumors in the uterine muscle.  

Genetics also play a role in developing intramural uterine fibroid, as they run in families. Additionally, lifestyle factors such as obesity and poor diet can contribute to their formation.  

Other potential causes include: 

  • Age (more common during reproductive years) 
  • Race (more prevalent in African American women) 
  • Certain medical conditions like endometriosis 

Understanding these underlying causes is crucial for effective diagnosis and suitable intramural fibroid treatment.  

Diagnosis of Intramural Fibroids

Healthcare providers use several methods to diagnose intramural fibroids. One common way is through a pelvic exam, where the doctor can feel if there are any abnormalities in the uterus. Imaging tests like ultrasounds or MRIs may also be recommended to get a clearer picture of the fibroids.  

Sometimes, a hysteroscopy or a biopsy is conducted to confirm the diagnosis and rule out any other potential issues. These procedures help to directly visualize the uterus and take tissue samples for further analysis.  

Intramural fibroid and pregnancy

Pregnancy is a beautiful journey for many women, but it can become complicated when intramural fibroids are present in the uterus. These non-cancerous growths within the muscle wall of the uterus can sometimes interfere with conception or cause issues during pregnancy.  

Intramural fibroids have been known to raise the risk of complications like preterm birth, miscarriage or even infertility. The size and location of the fibroid play a significant role in determining how it may impact a woman’s ability to conceive and carry a baby to full term.  

Intramural fibroids can grow larger during pregnancy due to hormonal changes and increased uterine blood flow. This growth can lead to discomfort, pain, or complications like placental abruption or fetal malpresentation.  

Intramural fibroid treatment – know your options

intramural fibroid and pregnancy - Dr. Sandeep Burathoki

Several options are available for treating intramural fibroids, depending on the symptoms or the size of the fibroids.   

A common intramural fibroid treatment option is medication, which can help manage pain and reduce heavy bleeding. Hormonal therapy may also be prescribed to help shrink the fibroids.  

For more severe cases, minimally invasive procedures like uterine artery embolization may be recommended to target and eliminate the fibroids.   

Another option is myomectomy, a surgical procedure to remove fibroids while preserving the uterus for women who wish to conceive in the future.  

In some instances where symptoms are severe, or fertility is not a concern, a hysterectomy may be considered as a last resort treatment option.   

Consult Dr. Sandeep Burathoki today for expert care

If you suspect you have intramural fibroids or are experiencing symptoms, it is crucial to seek medical care promptly. Consulting a specialist like Dr. Sandeep Burathoki can provide expert care and guidance on the best treatment options.  

Early detection and intervention are paramount in treating intramural fibroids effectively.  

Don’t hesitate to reach out for help and take control of your health today by scheduling a consultation with Dr. Sandeep Burathoki. 

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